OTHER NEWS & LEGAL ARTICLES
icon - ar new juslaws
Crisis on traditional sources of energy

24 Mar Crisis On Traditional Sources Of Energy

Since the early controlled handle of fire by Homo Erectus more than 400,000 years ago, the history of humanity has been a tenacious struggle between men and women seeking to regulate and generate sour...
New Surrogacy Law in Thailand

12 Sep New Surrogacy Law in Thailand

Thailand has now a law pertaining directly to surrogacy, i.e. the practice that a woman who is not necessarily the genetic mother of an unborn carries the pregnancy for intended parents. The Act Provi...
Property Purchase Pitfalls

07 Mar Property Purchase Pitfalls

Purchasing Property In Thailand It is recommended that you discuss your options and the process of purchasing in Thailand as a foreigner as it is essential to know the legalities involved in such an a...
Procedure for Thai company registration

Procedure For Thai Company Registration

The Company Limited’s registration is divided into 2 steps:

1). Registering the Memorandum of Association

Company promoters are responsible for registering the company with the Ministry of Commerce (MOC). The promoters must be individuals (not juristic persons). They must be available to sign documentation during the registration process. There must be a minimum of 3 promoters for a private limited company and at least 15 promoters for a public limited company.

The promoters of a private limited company must be 12 years of age or older for a public limited company, the promoters must be 20 years of age or older.

Each promoter of a private limited company is required to be among the company’s initial shareholders immediately after the company’s registration and is required to hold a minimum of one share upon the company’s registration. They are generally free to transfer those shares to existing shareholders or third parties, thereafter, if they wish. It is not required for the individuals serving as promoters to reside in Thailand.

The promoters of a public limited company must also be among the company’s initial shareholders immediately after the company’s registration. All promoters must subscribe for shares, which must be paid up in an aggregate amount equal to not less than five percent of the registered capital. Said shares may not be transferred before the expiration of 2 years from the date of the company’s registration, unless specifically approved at a meeting of shareholders. Nevertheless, it is required that one-half of the individuals serving as promoters have their domicile in the Kingdom of Thailand.

Promoters’ potential legal liability is generally limited to the par value of the shares they will hold after registration is completed. The promoters are also responsible for paying expenses associated with the company’s registration. After registration, however, the company may choose to reimburse the promoters for those expenses.

 

2). Registering the establishment of the Company Limited

Private Limited Company

The registration of the company can be accomplished on the same day as the registration of the Memorandum of Association provided that:

All registered shares have been subscribed for a statutory meeting is held to transact the business with the presence of all promoters and subscribers, and all promoters and subscribers have approved the transacted business. The promoters have handed over the business to the directors and the payment of at least 25% of the total shares has been paid by the shareholders. The company can apply for and obtain the company’s tax ID card and register the Employer account under the Social Security Act with the MOC on the same day as the registration of the Company. However, if the company does not wish to apply for the company’s tax ID card or register the Employer account under the Social Security Act with the MOC on the same day as the registration of the Company, it can apply for the company’s tax ID card and register the Employer account with the Revenue Department and the Social Security Office respectively later.

 

Public Limited Company

A Public Company Limited is required to register its Memorandum of Association with the MOC first, and, thus the company’s registration cannot be done on the same day, as is the case for a private limited company. After the Memorandum of Association has been registered, the promoters must offer shares for sale to the public or to any person in accordance with the law on securities and stock exchange.

The promoters must submit to the Registrar a copy of the documents relating to the offer of shares for sale to the public, which shall be prepared and submitted to authorities under the law on securities and stock exchange, within 15 days of the date of submission to such authorities, in accordance with the rules, procedures and conditions prescribed by the Registrar.

The promoters shall convene the statutory meeting when the number of subscribed shares reaches the number specified in the prospectus or a public meeting, which must be not less than fifty percent of the number of shares specified in the Memorandum of Association, within 2 months of the date on which the number of subscribed shares reached the specified number but not later than 6 months from the date on which the Memorandum of Association was registered.

In the event it is impossible to call the statutory meeting within the specified time, if the promoters of the company wish to proceed further, they must apply for an extension of the period by providing the reason for the delay to the Registrar not less than 7 days in advance of the expiry date of such period. If the Registrar deems it expedient, an extension of between one and three months from the date ending such period may be granted.

If the statutory meeting could not be concluded within the period, the Memorandum of Association shall become invalid upon the lapse of such period and, within 14 days from the date on which the Memorandum of Association become invalid, the promoters shall return the payment for share subscription to the share subscribers.

After having received the payment on shares up to the number of all subscribed shares, the Board of Directors must apply to register the company within 3 months of the date of conclusion of the statutory meeting. The application must provide the following particulars:

  1. The paid-up capital, the total amount of which must be specified
  2. The total number of shares sold
  3. The names, dates of birth, nationalities, and addresses of the directors
  4. The names and number of directors authorized to affix signatures on behalf of the company and any power limitations on directors that have been specified in the Articles of Association
  5. The location of the head office and branch offices (if any).

The company cannot apply for and obtain the company’s tax ID card and register the Employer account under the Social Security Act with the MOC like a private limited company. Consequently, the company must apply for the company’s tax ID card with the Revenue Department and register the Employer account with the Social Security Office directly.

If the registered company falls under the definition of “foreign” (as defined in the Foreign Business Act (FBA)), after registration of the company, it will normally be required to obtain Cabinet approval, a Foreign Business License, or a Foreign Business Certificate, as the case may be, prior to commencing operations.

For a private limited company, all documents associated with the company’s registration must be submitted to the Registrar of the Department of Business Development of the MOC or, if the company’s location is to be situated outside of Bangkok, it must be submitted to the Office of Provincial Business Development in the province in which the company’s business will be situated. For a public limited company, all documents associated with the company’s registration must be submitted to the Registrar of the Department of Business Development of the MOC at the Central Registration office, Bangkok only, regardless of company’s location.

All documents associated with the registration of the company’s tax ID card (in cases where the company does not apply for the company’s tax ID card with the MOC when registering the Company) and VAT certificate must be submitted to the Filing Office of the Revenue Department in Bangkok or, if the company’s location is to be situated outside of Bangkok, to the Provincial Revenue Office where the company’s location will be situated. However, the Company either locates in Bangkok or outside of Bangkok can also apply for the company’s tax ID card and VAT certificate through the website of the Revenue Department.

All documents associated with the registration of the Employer account under the Social Security Act (in cases where the company does not apply for the Employer account under the Social Security Act when registering the Company) must be submitted to the Filing Office of the Social Security Office in Bangkok or, if the company’s office is to be located outside of Bangkok, to the Provincial Social Security Office in the province in which the company’s business will be situated.

Icon - Back to top